Backcountry Custom Taxidermy
* If you are a Nonresident or a Nonresident Alien, you must be accompanied by a licensed guide / outfitter OR by an Alaska resident (who is a close relative) to hunt wolves in Alaska.
* A tag is NOT required for hunting wolves in GMUs 9, 13, 16, 19, and 20.
* Refer back to Alaska Hunting for the map of hunting units. Each unit will give specific information about the area, bag limits and more. * You may take beaver, coyote, fox, lynx, squirrel, wolf or wolverine under either a hunting or a trapping license. Click Here for list of species, season, area & bag limit.
* NOTE: If issued a hunting or trapping license you must follow the methods & means permitted by that license.
Only two Alaska subspecies are now recognized. Wolves in Southeast Alaska tend to be darker and somewhat smaller than those in northern parts of the state. The pelt color of wolves living in Alaska ranges from black to nearly white, with every shade of gray and tan between these extremes. Gray or black wolves are most common, and the relative abundance of each color phase varies over time and from place to place. Most adult male wolves in Interior Alaska weigh from 85 to 115 pounds (38.6-52.3 kg), but they occasionally reach 145 pounds (65.3 kg). Females average 10 to 15 pounds (2-5 kg) lighter than males and rarely weigh more than 110 pounds (50 kg). Wolves reach adult size by about 1 year of age.
Wolves are highly social animals and usually live in packs that include parents and pups of the year Larger packs may have two or three litters of pups from more than one female. Pack members often include some yearlings and other adults. The social order in the pack is characterized by a separate dominance hierarchy among females and males. Fighting is uncommon within packs except during periods of stress, with the dominance order being maintained largely through ritualized behavior. Although pack size usually ranges from 2 to 12 animals, packs of as many as 20 to 30 wolves sometimes occur. The average pack size is 6 or 7 animals. In most areas wolf packs tend to remain within a territory used almost exclusively by pack members, with only occasional overlap in the ranges of neighboring packs. Wolves that are primarily dependent on migratory caribou do, however, temporarily abandon their territories and travel long distances if necessary. In Alaska the territory of a pack often includes from 200 to 1,000 square miles of habitat with the average in Interior Alaska being about 500 to 600 square miles.
Wolves are carnivores, and in most of mainland Alaska moose and/or caribou are their primary food, with Dall sheep being important in limited areas. In Southeast Alaska, Sitka black-tailed deer, mountain goats, and beaver are the most important sources of food. During summer, small mammals including moles, lemmings, ground squirrels, snowshoe hares, beaver, and occasionally birds and fish are supplements in the diet.
Spring hunts are around mid March - mid April - The spring hunts can be conducted under a trapping license or hunting permit. Trapping laws are better in that they are much less restrictive concerning methods and means. The bag limits are higher and other fur bearers may also be taken.
Fall hunts are around Aug - Oct - The wolf packs and dens are usually located along one of the main salmon spawning rivers and adjacent tundra. You can hunt wolves using several methods.
During the quiet mornings and evenings, one can locate the wolves by hearing them howl. The wolves will travel looking for easy food, which means they will travel the river banks and gravel bars looking for salmon, dead or alive, beavers out of the water & other small animals
Using jet boats for mobility up and down a river from camp. The jet boats are equipped with oars and an electric trolling motor so one can sneak down the river quietly, catching them on the open gravel bars and sloughs. This is a great method early and late in the day.
The customary and traditional method of shooting from snow machines or boats is now legal.
Aerial Predator Control Is always a controversy. Due to the vast size of alaska wilderness and mountain ranges I can see where there may be a need by the ADF&G if over population or disease is a problem endangering the species as a whole or endangering another species.
As a HUNTER - there is NEVER a need for aerial hunting, altho some do this type of hunting. It's usually only the Rich & Lazy that can afford it and I personaly would NEVER consider them ethical or sportsman.
Hunting Tips - Shot placement
Before a hunter takes a shot, it is his or her responsibility to be sure they can make a clean and accurate shot, so use a weapon you can shoot accurately.
Heart & Double Lung Shot
Alaskan game animals will quickly die when both lungs and/or heart are hit by a bullet or arrow. The best shot placement is when the animal is broadside to the hunter or slightly facing away. A heart-lung shot from either position will likely puncture both lungs.
Hunting - Where
Refer back to Alaska Hunting for the map of hunting units. Each unit will give specific information about the area, bag limits and more.
Wolves are prominent in the following GMU (game management Units) and you also don't need a special non-resident tag to hunt them. Hides MUST be sealed within 30 days of the kill.
Unit 9 - Alaska Penninsula - Season Aug 10 - May 25th
Unit 13 - Nelchina - Upper Susitna Area - Season Aug 10th - April 30th
Unit 16 - Lower Susitna area - Season Aug 10th - april 30th
Unit 20 - Fairbanks - Central Tanana Area - Season Aug 10 - May 31th
Unit 17 - Bristol Bay Area - You do need to have a non- resident tag
Dillingham or Koliganek are the areas commonly used
Season Aug 10th - April 30th Hides must be sealed within 30 days of the kill
Hunting Tips - Summery
This is not a substitute for the Alaska Hunting Regulations. For more complete infomation read the regulations and the permit hunt supplements. They are available at Alaska Department of Fish & Game offices and establishments that sell hunting licenses and tags. Always Check the Alaska Hunting & Trapping Emergency Orders before planning to hunt an area or species as restrictions may apply. Click here - For More Information on Alaska Wolves
Wolves are often seen and heard in most parts of Alaska by those willing to spend time in remote areas. Recent surveys have concluded that the long term future of the wolf in Alaska is secure.
Wolf - Facts & Information
* It is ultimately the ethics of you, the hunter, that should be strong enough to realise and dictate the methods of hunting wolves or any species in Alaska. *
* Bows, Firearms, Cartridge, and Ammunition for Hunting Alaska:
The rifle you bring hunting should be one with which you are comfortable. many hunters have been convinced that a .300, .338, .375, or .416 magnum is needed for personal protection and to take large Alaska game. This is simply not true.
1.Rifle/handgun: State regulations require that rifles and handguns must fire a 200-grain or larger bullet, which retains at least 2000 foot-pounds of energy at 100 yards. A .30-06 with a 220-grain bullet is about the minimal weapon that meets this specification. Please do not bring your favorite firearm and expect to use it if it does not meet the above criteria.
2.Muzzleloader: Muzzle-loading rifles must be .54 caliber or larger, or at least .45 caliber with a 250-grain or larger elongated slug. Further, for safety reasons, those hunting with muzzleloaders must also have within easy reach a smokeless powder rifle meeting the centerfire rifle requirements listed above.
3.Bow: Longbows, recurve bows, or compound bows are permitted, but they must have a peak draw weight of 50 pounds or more. Arrows must be at least 20 inches in overall length, and tipped with unbarbed, fixed or replaceable-blade type broadheads. Arrow and broadhead together must weigh at least 300 grains total weight. As with hunters using muzzleloaders, ADF&G strongly recommends that bowhunters have a rifle close at hand.
* If you are planning on packing out moose meat, caribou meat, or a brown bear hide weighing hundreds of pounds, you can carry a 9- to 11-pound rifle including scope. A rifle of this weight in .300 or .338 magnum can be mastered with a lot of practice.
SUMMERY: You can’t go wrong with a stainless steel bolt-action rifle chambered for a standard cartridge that you are comfortable with and can shoot accurately, loaded with a high quality bullet.